Treating Burns

Treating Burns

Burns are common injuries that can occur due to exposure to heat, electricity, chemicals, or radiation. Prompt and proper treatment of burns is crucial to minimize pain, prevent infection, and promote faster healing.  One way to gain further knowledge on treating burns and first aid in general would be to attend Paediatric First Aid Training in Hertfordshire, Bedfordshire and Hemel Hempstead with The Training Centre and gain an Ofsted recognised Paediatric First Aid Certificate.

This article provides a comprehensive guide on how to treat burns effectively.

  1. Ensure Safety: Before providing any treatment, it is essential to ensure your safety and remove the burn victim from the source of the burn if possible. Assess the situation and call emergency services if necessary.
  2. Assess the Severity: Determine the severity of the burn to understand the appropriate course of action. Burns are categorized into three degrees:
  • First-degree burns: Affect the outermost layer of skin, resulting in pain, redness, and swelling.
  • Second-degree burns: Involve deeper layers of the skin, causing blistering, severe pain, and potential scarring.
  • Third-degree burns: Penetrate all layers of the skin and may affect tissues, muscles, and bones. These burns require immediate medical attention.

Treating Burns Continued

  1. Cool the Burn: For first-degree and second-degree burns, cool the affected area with cool (not cold) running water for up to 20 minutes. This helps to reduce pain, prevent further tissue damage, and lower the temperature of the burn. Avoid using ice or very cold water, as it can worsen the injury.
  2. Remove Constrictive Items: If the burn area is not blistered or severely swollen, remove any constrictive items such as rings, bracelets, or clothing around the burned area. This prevents complications if swelling occurs.
  3. Protect the Burn: After cooling the burn, protect it by covering it with a sterile, non-stick dressing. Avoid using adhesive bandages directly on the burn, as they can stick to the wound and cause further damage.
  4. Do not Pop Blisters: If blisters develop, do not pop or break them. Blisters act as a natural barrier against infection. Instead, cover them with a sterile dressing and let them heal on their own.
  5. Seek Medical Attention: If the burn is deep, affects a large area, or involves the face, hands, feet, or genitals, seek immediate medical attention. Additionally, seek medical help if the burn shows signs of infection such as increased pain, redness, swelling, or discharge.
  6. Attend regular Paediatric First Aid Training and refresher training in Paediatric First Aid Training in Hertfordshire or First Aid Training in Hemel Hempstead with The Training Centre.


Treating burns promptly and effectively is crucial for minimizing pain, preventing complications, and promoting faster healing. By following these guidelines, you can provide appropriate first aid for burns.  However, it is important to remember that severe burns always require professional medical attention.

Further Information

Further information on Ofsted’s First Aid in Schools, early years and further education please visit –

For further information on Paediatric First Aid Training in Hertfordshire, Hemel Hempstead, Bedfordshire and Watford with The Training Centre and gain a First Aid certificate please visit –