Essential Guide to Baby CPR: A Step-by-Step Tutorial for Parents


As parents, ensuring the safety and well-being of our children is our top priority and is fully covered during Paediatric First Aid Training.  One crucial skill that every parent should have in their arsenal is baby CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation).  In this blog, we will provide you with a step-by-step tutorial on how to perform CPR on a baby.  Remember, being prepared and knowing what to do in an emergency can make all the difference.  Let’s dive in!

Understanding the Importance of Baby CPR

Before we delve into the practical aspects, it’s essential to understand why knowing baby CPR is crucial. CPR can be a life-saving technique when an infant experiences a sudden cardiac arrest or stops breathing.  By performing CPR promptly, you can help maintain blood flow and oxygen to the baby’s vital organs until medical professionals arrive.  Attending Paediatric First Aid Training in Bedfordshire, Hertfordshire or Hemel Hempstead should be at the top of your agenda with The Training Centre (London) Limited.

Preparing Yourself

To perform baby CPR effectively, you must first prepare yourself mentally and physically.  Stay calm, assess the situation, and ensure the baby is in a safe environment.  Call for emergency help immediately before proceeding with CPR.

Checking for Responsiveness

Gently tap the baby’s feet and call out their name to check for responsiveness.  If there is no response, quickly move on to the next step.

Opening the Airway

Place the baby on a firm, flat surface, and gently tilt their head back to open the airway.  Use your fingers to lift the chin while supporting the back of the head.

Checking for Breathing

Look, listen, and feel for the baby’s breath.  Watch for chest rise, listen for breathing sounds, and feel for air against your cheek for up to 10 seconds.  If the baby is not breathing or only gasping, it’s time to ask someone to call the EMS and begin CPR.

Start by giving 5 initial Rescue Breaths

Maintain the head tilt, cover their nose and mouth with your mouth to form an airtight seal.  Deliver five gentle breaths, each lasting about one second, and observe if the baby’s chest rises.

Performing Chest Compressions

With two fingers, preferably the index and middle finger, locate the centre of the baby’s chest.  Position your fingers just below the nipple line and perform 30 chest compressions.  Push down firmly but gently, about 1.5 inches deep at a rate of around 100-120 compressions per minute.

Continuing CPR and Seeking Medical Help

Repeat the cycle of 30 compressions and two breaths, ensuring that the baby’s chest rises with each breath.  Continue CPR until the baby starts breathing or until medical help arrives.

Adapting CPR for a Single Rescuer or Unwilling to Perform Rescue Breaths

If you are a single rescuer or unwilling to perform rescue breaths, you can modify CPR to include only chest compressions. Perform continuous chest compressions at the prescribed rate until medical help arrives.

Conclusion and Training

Knowing how to perform baby CPR is an invaluable skill that every parent should acquire.  However, it’s essential to remember that this guide is not a substitute for certified CPR or Paediatric First Aid training.  It is highly recommended to attend a training course specific to infants to gain hands-on experience and enhance your confidence in dealing with emergencies.  Attending Paediatric First Aid Training in Bedfordshire, Hertfordshire or Hemel Hempstead should be at the top of your agenda with The Training Centre (London) Limited.

For Paediatric First Aid Training in Hertfordshireclick here

Stay prepared, stay calm, and remember that your actions can make a life-saving difference in a critical situation.